Syria Crisis - Refugees and conflict
- The estimated number of Syrian refugees in neighbouring countries and the larger region has surpassed 3 million according to UNHCR. The UN agency estimates that almost half of all Syrians have now been forced to flee their areas of origin, with one in every eight persons fleeing across the borders and a further 6.5 million persons displaced within the country.
- Lebanon, Turkey and Jordan currently host more than 2.6 million Syrian refugees today. As violence and fighting continue in Syria, refugees arriving in neighbouring countries report leaving their country as a last resort after having moved more than once before crossing the borders. About four in five Syrian refugees are living among host communities in urban areas, with 38% living in sub-standard shelter, according to recent assessments.
- Meanwhile, violence and conflict in Syria continue unabated, with continuous air bombardment and fighting in Idleb, Aleppo, Hama and Dar’a; where residential areas have been especially affected by air strikes. The advancement of ISIL in Aleppo, Deir ez-Zor and Raqqa is also taking a high toll among civilian populations who keep fleeing the violence.
Iraq - Humanitarian situation and displacement
(ECHO, UN, Media)
- On Sunday, Iraqi security forces, supported by US air strikes broke the siege of Amerli town in northeast Salah al-Din where thousands of civilians had been surrounded by ISIL fighters for more than two months. Some 35 villages around Amerli had fallen under ISIL control; and although numbers vary, humanitarian organizations currently estimate that 10-14 000 civilians in the area are in need of assistance. In the past weeks, the Government of Iraq conducted several helicopter landings into Amerli to provide food and extract mostly children and the elderly. The US, France, the UK and Australia also dropped relief supplies to people in the town.
- In the meantime, multiple displacements continue in Iraq. In the last week, renewed fighting triggered the displacement of over 10 000 families who have reportedly arrived in Khanaqin, fleeing on going conflict throughout Diyala governorate. Air bombardment near Tikrit have also caused fresh displacement within Salah al-Din governorate. In parallel, hundreds of families reportedly continue moving to the south of Iraq, especially to Basrah.
- For the third time in the past three months, the United Nations (UN) has updated the planning IDP figure to 1.8 million across the country. Of this total figure, the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) and the UN estimate that 850 000 IDPs have arrived to the region this year, the vast majority since June.